A controlled therapeutic trial comparing oestrogen/gestagen, 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 and calcium. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2007;92:1415-23. Steinmetz, K. A. and Potter, J. D. Food-group consumption and colon cancer in the Adelaide Case-Control Study. Calcium metabolism and osteoporosis in corticosteroid-treated postmenopausal women. Satia-Abouta, J., Galanko, J. Taking large amounts of calcium along with diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac) might decrease the effectiveness of diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac). Systematic review: comparative effectiveness of treatments to prevent fractures in men and women with low bone density or osteoporosis. Reid IR, Ibbertson HK. View abstract. 2017 Jan;28(1):4-15. Serum calcium and incident diabetes: an observational study and meta-analysis. Comparison with calcium carbonate in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in hemodialysis patients. Diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac) can also affect your heart. Incidence of hematologic malignancy and cause-specific mortality in the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial of calcium and vitamin D supplementation. 1997;51(6):364-367. 2007;261(6):558-565. Ettinger, B., Genant, H. K., and Cann, C. E. Postmenopausal bone loss is prevented by treatment with low-dosage estrogen with calcium. Arch Intern.Med. Osteoporosis International 1996;6(1):294. A., Johnell, O., Gullberg, B., Allander, E., Dilsen, G., Gennari, C., Lopes Vaz, A. Prevention of early postmenopausal bone loss: controlled 2-year study in 315 normal females. 1991;6(3):170-175. Epidemiology 1995;6(5):554-557. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1991;73(3):533-540. You can get the calcium you need from many different foods, and if necessary, from supplements. Zheng, W., Anderson, K. E., Kushi, L. H., Sellers, T. A., Greenstein, J., Hong, C. P., Cerhan, J. R., Bostick, R. M., and Folsom, A. R. A prospective cohort study of intake of calcium, vitamin D, and other micronutrients in relation to incidence of rectal cancer among postmenopausal women. A method of lowering blood pressure. 1998;7(3):221-225. Br.J Cancer 1996;74(1):145-151. Bowen, J., Noakes, M., and Clifton, P. M. A high dairy protein, high-calcium diet minimizes bone turnover in overweight adults during weight loss. View abstract. B., Rodriguez, C., Rohan, T. E., Schouten, L. J., Shore, R., Smit, E., Wolk, A., Zhang, S. M., and Smith-Warner, S. A. 1999;24(12):20-21. View abstract. Roberts JL, Kiser JJ, Hindman JT, Meditz AL. Clin Chem. Margolis KL, Ray RM, Van Horn L, et al. The role of vitamin d and calcium in type 2 diabetes. This mineral is also needed to help teeth develop fully and then to protect them from decay. View abstract. III. Calcif Tissue Int 1997;60(2):155-159. Circulation 2007;115;846-54. The effects of an open design on trial participant recruitment, compliance and retention--a randomized controlled trial comparison with a blinded, placebo-controlled design. Am J Med.Sci. Moreover, calcium can only be absorbed in the digestive tract if the body also has an adequate supply of vitamin D. When calcium levels in the body fall too low, the bones have to supply calcium to tissues and fluids so that normal biological functions can continue. View abstract. Clin Trials 2004;1(6):490-498. View abstract. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Talbot JR, Guardo P, Seccia S, etal. Strategies for the control of hyperphosphatemia and hyperparathyroidism in hemodialysis patients. View abstract. Vitamin D supplementation improves cytokine profiles in patients with congestive heart failure: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Homik J, Suarez-Almazor ME, Shea B, et al. View abstract. Systematic review of the benefits and harms of calcitriol and alfacalcidol for fractures and falls. Osteoporos.Int 2011;22(3):859-871. BMJ 2010;340:b5463. A., Gales, B., Segre, G. V., and Goodman, W. G. Intermittent calcitriol therapy in secondary hyperparathyroidism: a comparison between oral and intraperitoneal administration.