1st Sorrowful Mystery- The Agony of Jesus in the Garden. Now eleven in number, the disciples accompany Jesus to the garden. Jesus and his disciples gathered there, as they must have done many times before. 36 And he said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee; remove this cup from me; yet not what I will, but what thou wilt.”, 37 And he came and found them sleeping, and he said to Peter, “Simon, are you asleep? Jesus and his most trusted disciples had just completed the meal we call the Last Supper, where he told them that one of their tight-knit group would betray him to the authorities, and that he would be killed. Jesus and his most trusted disciples had just completed the meal we call the Last... Jesus prays. This angel is visible in the top right quadrant of Bellini's painting and is holding a cup to symbolize the looming sacrifice and that this cup will not pass by Jesus as he wishes it to.The Betrayal: It is believed that after spending hours in prayer, Judas, one of Jesus' twelve disciples, arrived with Roman soldiers and Jewish religious leaders to arrest Jesus. Now in the final moments in the garden, he was suddenly strong, resolute. But not this night. It is poised between his life and his death – between the Last Supper and the Way of the Cross. In a further act of collaboration, Mantegna's painting was probably based on a sketch by Bellini's father, Jacopo. It is one of Bellini's earliest works on record and truly exemplifies his early style. Jewish religious leaders, called Pharisees, were concerned by Jesus' popularity with the people and they feared that their own teachings and laws would come to be abandoned. According to Christian tradition, Judas had left the Passover meal they were enjoying in order to fetch Jesus' enemies. 41 And he withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and knelt down and prayed, 42 “Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me; nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.” 43 Then an angel from heaven appeared to him and gave him strength. 34 And he said to them, “My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch.” 35 And going a little farther, he fell on the ground and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 32 And they went to a place which was called Gethsemane; and he said to his disciples, “Sit here, while I pray.” 33 And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly distressed and troubled. 39 And again he went away and prayed, saying the same words. He asked three of his disciples - Peter, James, and John - to accompany him and pray with him at this place they often visited.Jesus moved a short distance away from his disciples and asked them to pray with him throughout the night. The Agony in the Garden: Artist: Andrea Mantegna: Artist dates: about 1431 - 1506: Date made: about 1455-6: Medium and support: Egg tempera on wood: Dimensions: 62.9 x 80 cm: Inscription summary: Signed: Acquisition credit: Bought, 1894: Inventory number: NG1417: Location: Room 55: Art route(s) A: Collection: Main Collection: The Agony in the Garden. 41 Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”, 42 Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, “My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, thy will be done.”. 40 And when he came to the place he said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.”. He could hide there, and quietly make his way north to Galilee, where he would be relatively safe. They had eaten, and it was late. All he had to do was walk out of the garden and take the road up the hill, over the Mount of Olives and out into the desert to the east. Catholic tradition includes specific prayers and devotions as acts of reparation for the sufferings of Jesus during His Agony and Passion. They had fallen asleep. the agony in the garden summary. Twice, however, the disciples fell asleep and Jesus woke them up, asking them to pray for the strength to resist temptation.During his own prayers, Jesus is said to have been in a state of extreme anguish, such that "his sweat was as if it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. " Some researchers speculate that Bellini could also have been in the process of forming his own workshop around this time.Something all researchers can agree on, however, is that this painting is closely based on Andrea Mantegna's own Agony in the Garden which was painted about five years prior to Bellini's.
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