They usually sleep in this position during the day and awaken to search for food at night. We have identified the following word(s) that you could call a group of hedgehogs: array Used in a sentence, you could say "Look at the array of hedgehogs", where "array" is the collective noun that means group. They also feed on plant materials such as grass, roots, and berries. During hibernation, the body temperature and heart rate of the hedgehogs decline. Hedgehogs feed on a variety of invertebrates such as insects, snails, and slugs as well as some small vertebrates including reptiles, frogs and birds' eggs. Photograph by Ingo Arndt, Minden Pictures/Nat Geo Image Collection, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/h/hedgehog.html. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Some people consider hedgehogs useful pets because they prey on many common garden pests. Young hedgehogs are born with spines that are shed and replaced with larger stronger spines when they mature. Hedgehogs suffer many diseases common to humans. Hedgehogs hibernate in cold climates. Hedgehogs are well-loved animals and are featured in traditional children's stories and fairy tales. Hedgehogs are small mammals with rotund bodies and distinct spines made of keratin. Hedgehogs can also run quickly for short periods of time. When threatened, hedgehogs crouch and hiss but they are better known for their defensive tactics than their might. All rights reserved. Their belly, legs, face, and ears are free of spines. While on the hunt, they rely upon their senses of hearing and smell because their eyesight is weak. They remain active all year in more temperate locations. Hedgehogs are generally solitary animals that spend time with one another only during mating season and when rearing young. Hedgehogs have a white or tan face and short limbs with long curved claws. Among the predators females must guard against during this period are other male hedgehogs, which will sometimes prey upon the young of their species. However, there are some other less-common named used for them such as a prickle or an array. As a hedgehog picks its way through the hedges it emits piglike gruntsâthus, the hedgehog. The spines are cream-colored and have brown and black bands on them. Hedgehogs are born blind and gestation lasts up to 42 days. Although they belong to the group of mammals formerly known as the insectivores, hedgehogs eat a varied diet that includes more than just insects. Featured in tales by Beatrix Potter, the hedgehog retains its popularity in the Sonic the Hedgehog video game. Many species of hedgehogs, however, are on the decline as a result of habitat loss, pesticide use, and poaching for use in traditional medicines. In deserts, they sleep through heat and drought in a similar process called aestivation. Hedgehogs construct burrows or use those dug by other mammals such as rabbits and foxes. Hedgehogs have a round body and dense spines on their back. The collective noun for hedgehogs is the word you would use to describe a group of hedgehogs. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. They are not present in Australia, North America, Central America or South America, though have been introduced to New Zealand as an exotic species. Hedgehogs (Erinaceidae) are a group of insectivores that are native to parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa.Hedgehogs are small mammals with rotund bodies and distinct spines made of keratin. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. These solitary animals typically couple only for mating. Hedgehog mothers have also been known to eat their young if the nest is disturbed, though they sometimes simply move them to a new nest. Hedgehogs are for the most part nocturnal mammals. Hedgehogs are found in many locations across Europe, Asia, and Africa. Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. These animals root through hedges and other undergrowth in search of the small creatures that compose the bulk of their dietâinsects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and snakes. They come by their unusual name as a result of their foraging behavior: They root through hedges to find worms, insects, and other food while making pig-like grunting sounds. They are occasionally active during the day but more often shelter themselves in shrubs, tall vegetation or rock crevices during daylight hours. Each year, hedgehogs can raise as many as three litters of young with as many as 11 babies. They make nests underground in burrow chambers that they line with plant material. The hedgehog was named because of its peculiar foraging methods. Some species of hedgehogs hibernate for several months during the winter. These include cancer, fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. They have poor vision despite their large eyes but they have a keen sense of hearing and smell, and they use their sharper senses of smell and hearing to help them locate prey. Hedgehog species include: Hedgehogs are listed as of Least Concern, as there are large populations of hedgehogs around the world. The young born each year, in litters ranging from one to eleven, remain with their mothers for only four to seven weeks before heading out on their own. A group of hedgehogs is usually called a herd. Hedgehogs are divided into five subgroups that include Eurasian hedgehogs (Erinaceus), African hedgehogs (Atelerix and Paraechinus), desert hedgehogs (Hemiechinus), and steppe hedgehogs (Mesechinus). If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. Laura Klappenbach, M.S., is a science writer specializing in ecology, biology, and wildlife. Conservation attempts are underway around the world; as a BBC article says: “A world without hedgehogs would be an uglier place.". They come by their unusual name as a result of their foraging behavior: They root through hedges to find worms, insects, and other food while making pig-like grunting sounds. Hedgehogs (Erinaceidae) are a group of insectivores that are native to parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. If provoked, hedgehogs usually roll up by contracting the muscles that run along their back and in doing so raise their spines and curl their body and enclosing themselves in a protective ball of spines. There are a total of 17 species of hedgehogs. Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. Fascinating Arctic Fox Facts (Vulpes lagopus), www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150818-living-with-hedgehogs, www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/h/hedgehog/, M.S., Applied Ecology, Indiana University Bloomington, B.S., Biology and Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Hedgehogs occupy a variety of habitats including forests, grasslands, scrublands, hedges, suburban gardens, and agricultural areas. Young hedgehogs mature in four to seven weeks after birth. Hedgehog spines resemble those of a porcupine but they are not easily lost and are only shed and replaced when young hedgehogs reach adulthood or when a hedgehog is unwell or stressed.
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