Fasting During Ramadan: Customs and Requirements, The Sadaqa Al-Fitr Food Contribution for Ramadan, Ramadan Mubarak and Other Ramadan Greetings, The Benefit of the Ramadan Fast for Muslims, The Stages of Hajj, the Islamic Pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah), The View of Contraception and Abortion in Islam, Lesson Plans for Eid al Adha, an Islamic Celebration, The Crescent Moon Symbol on National Flags, B.S., Child Development, Oregon State University. Of course, you have to be careful that people will often make an honest mistake in seeing things that aren’t there. This may be just one more example of how there is no clash between traditional Islamic principles and the modern age, they can be in complete agreement; and the traditions of Islam are just as relevant and valid today as they have been for centuries. Thus, we can follow Islam by using science in the sighting of moon. The first prevailing opinion is that one should commit to a local moon-sighting, i.e. We provide customer servies from new jersy, united state By phone: 1-732-658-9038. What if people in one area sight the moon, but those in another area don't? Therefore, although many believe that you should only make the official start of an Islamic month after actually seeing the moon with your eyes, the use of these proven scientific calculations from the latest, state of the art tools, has coincided with the actual observations we have made in the sky for years. The hijri calendar started after the event of Hijrat ul Madina. In 2020, just like every year, Muslims will observe Ramadan and celebrate Eid ul Fitr in all parts of the world including Pakistan. The visibility of the new moon/crescent is a function primarily of the angle between the moon, observer, and sun (which affects the brightness of the crescent) and the apparent altitude of the moon above the horizon and of the sun below the horizon (which affects the background brightness against which the moon is to be observed). In Britain, the H.M. Nautical Almanac Office has adopted this formula for determining the visibility of the moon. Some of the fuqaha’ were of the view that moon sighting is mustahabb. It says in Majma’ al-Anhaar (1/283): It is a communal obligation for the people to seek the new moon on the evening of the … However, we all know that there are great arguments and disputes among Muslims on the topic of moon sighting. That eliminates human error, right? It may be somewhat analogous to the placebo effect in medicine.). The Islamic calendar is lunar-based, with each month coinciding with the phases of the moon and lasting either 29 or 30 days. Moon sighting is an important act done for knowing the initiation of the Islamic months and the religious events. Is it okay for them to start and end the fast on different days? 69 – A Method for Predicting the First Sighting of the New Crescent Moon by BD Yallop”). Of course, as the moon “grows older” these angles do increase, so the more time that elapses, the more likely it is to see the moon. ), The old style is preferred by many, though, and common sense seems to dictate that if one actually sees the moon with one’s eyes, then an ounce of observation is worth a ton of calculation! However, we should never let science override Islam. Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycle and the start and end of Islamic months is decided on the basis of lunar cycle. What if our location is overcast and cloudy and the moon is not visible to us? Those devoted to traditional practice are likely to prefer the words of the Qur'an and more than a thousand years of tradition, while those of a more modern attitude are likely to base their choice on scientific calculation. http://astro.ukho.gov.uk/moonwatch/background.html, Next new moon world map – http://astro.ukho.gov.uk/moonwatch/nextnewmoon.html, (As a side note, the U.S. Although this is a factor and can be an indicator, the moon may still not be visible from the earth even though part of it is illuminated. Huda is an educator, school administrator, and author who has more than two decades of experience researching and writing about Islam online. Over the years, various scholars and communities have answered this question in different ways, each with support for their position. Thus, for knowing the first date of any Islamic month, it is important to sight new moon. However, when it mentions “x% of the Moon’s visible disk illuminated”, this doesn’t always directly translate to visibility from the earth.
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