Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. What is the Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism, Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism. Get a brand new article like this in your inbox every Friday. Thus, according to consequentialism, a morally right act is an act that will produce good results. Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014, DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.001.0001, PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). It does not hold true if the two requirements are in conflict. It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be carried out and happiness can be maximized. Difference Between Positivism and Realism, What is the Difference Between Barbecuing and Grilling, What is the Difference Between Escape Conditioning and Avoidance Conditioning, What is the Difference Between Fiscal Year and Calendar Year, What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler, What is the Difference Between Epic Theatre and Dramatic Theatre. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. For example, telling a lie is a right action if it can have good consequences like saving someone’s life. Furthermore, the more good results an act produces, the better or more right that act will be. In such a case, the best and right action would be to save his son, for if his son is safe and sound, he will be mentally happy and relieved to earn more money and plan a better future for his family. It concentrates on the correctness and wrongness of actions based on how well the rules of duty and responsibility were followed. Furthermore, consequentialism is often contrasted with deontology as well as virtue ethics. What should she do in this case? 3 Reasons Doing Nothing Can Actually be Productive, 3 Myths Far Too Many People Believe About the Past. For example, imagine you have received a gift from a friend, but you hate this gift. Consequentialism vs. Deontology Consequentialism vs. Deontology Chapter: (p.150) 7 Consequentialism vs. Deontology Source: British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing Author(s): Thomas Hurka Publisher: Oxford University Press “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Duty-Based Ethics.” BBC, Available here.2. Deontology is duty-, rule-, or obligation-based, whereas consequentialism, as its name suggests, is consequence-based. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. For instance, consider an individual who is the bank manager, and his own son has been caught in the act of robbing the bank. Yet, the ones in favor of virtue ethics would state his act to be correct and honorable. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. While going through a trying situation, an individual tends to do what is right at that time, for it does not make sense to think about the likes of deontology or consequentialism. Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right. . Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. Your friend wants to know whether you like the gift. 1. Copyright © Opinion Front & Buzzle.com, Inc. contact us These opinions can differ from person to person. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. One of the most stated examples of this concept is in nursing. The chapter then examines the defences of deontology by Prichard and Ross, with their appeals both to intuitions about particular cases, for example about promise-keeping and punishment, and to ones about explanation. What is Deontology – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. According to the definition of deontology in ethics, it focuses more on obligation, duty, or ideal expectations. In this way, consequentialism ethics provide criteria for the moral evaluation of actions, while also recommending rules or decision-making criteria for future actions. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. Hedonism, in contrast, states something is good if its results produce pleasure or avoid pain. It stresses on the fact that morality of a person or action depend on how ideal the character traits are. Those who revere virtue ethics state that whatever results in the betterment of humanity is good; the fact that the virtuous person followed his ideals to achieve the same is right. Consequentialism and Deontologyare clashing moral philosophies in the field of Ethics. We sometimes describe this theory as duty-, rule-, or obligation-based. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn’t done so far. Consequentialism refers to a set of normative ethical theories that states an action should be judged right or wrong on the basis of its consequences. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Who is to decide what consequence is right in this case? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Anscombe, the renowned British analytical philosopher.
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