compare and contrast plato and aristotle philosophy

Plato is one of the greatest mathematicians and philosophers of all time. This model was supportive of philosophical kings guided by wisdom and reason, were in a better position to rule states hence tarnishing the tyranny, despotism and oligarchy forms of governance (Plato 619d). The fire in the cave is the physical sun, while the puppets are objects in the world, reflecting their realities as shadows upon the imprisoned philosopher. He further adds that state does not need remaking rather needs improvement of society. Aristotle played a contributory role to modern democracy and Plato’s writings have helped shape the curricula of political institutions through his quest for truth in political philosophy. Plato believed “essence” (the essential element of each thing in existence) came from the heavens, and what we saw were mirror images–of the gods. Workers are to live by their pay and were to be allocated relatively comfortable stature. (Essences are concepts, i.e., in the mind, so we know that is as incorrect as Plato.). Plato further clarifies that successand failure are greatly attributed to the society that they live in.This means that the society has great influences on the nature ofhuman beings. Aristotle rejected his theory and believed that knowledge comes after experience, and that world was made from all natural forms. Both transformed the face of the western world with their philosophies. According to him, without the society,human beings would be god or beast. Plato described sophists as peripatetic relativists with good rhetoric proficiency who lacked morality and hence lacked the true perception of justice (Plato 543b). This is seen most prominently in Plato's Parable of the Cave from publication VII from the Republic. human beings living in an underground den, which has a mouth open towards the light; here these people have been from their childhood, and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move, and can only see before them, being prevented by the chains from turning their heads. This according to Aristotle was bad governance. VAT Registration No: 842417633. He goes ahead to conceptualize academic systems that were likely to produce philosophical kings. The differences between Plato and Aristotle's ways which they select their government's rullers an be attributed in part to Aristotle's outright rebuffal of the kallipolis. His centralphilosophy is final causation. The foremost divisions can be seen in the contrasting opinions between them primarily concerning eternal ideas, forms and causes and their relation to change, and the role of observing and explaining through the utilisation of the senses. The death of his teacher further amplified Plato’s detest for the political regimes and he came to the conclusion that politics needed genuine philosophers to rule the states and to introduce sobriety. They had similar yet evolving ideas of social structure, life after death, the human condition, history and education. Plato embodies the natural inequality of humanity, the origin of their state, in the division of labour. He then goes on to say that a philosopher is much like a prisoner who freed from the cave comes to realise and understand that in fact the shadows on the cave wall are not constitutive of reality at all, for they are now able to recognize the true form of reality instead of the simple shadows that the prisoners see. Aristotle in politics greatly disagrees with Plato’s idea of state which provides the framework for creating a new state. Well-Being: The state of being healthy happy or prosperous. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The Sophists were teachers of Athenian citizens who were responsible for conveying oral and physical skills for a fee. This means that even though there are some aspects he agreeson with Plato, there are some major differences presented. What is important is that from this example - looking at the metaphysical beliefs of the three philosophers - you can see how they are different from one another.

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